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CPAC Live: Cabinet Shuffle

Welcome to CPAC’s live online coverage as Prime Minister Stephen Harper visits Rideau Hall for a federal cabinet shuffle. Bienvenue à notre couverture en ligne de la visite du premier ministre Stephen Harper à Rideau Hall en vue du remaniement ministériel.

  • We'll be providing additional information on cabinet and today's shuffle as the morning unfolds. Our on-air coverage with Mark Sutcliffe begins in about 20 minutes.
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  • Michelle Rempel has been named minister of state for Western Economic Diversification, according to Prime Minister Stephen Harper's Twitter account.
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  • Pleased to name @michellerempel Minister of State (Western Economic Diversification) #shuffle 13 #cdnpoli
  • #Cabinetshuffle happening today @ 11 a.m at #RideauHall . What do you think everyone - will Ritz stay?? #cdnpoli #ag Tune in on @CPAC_TV
  • Watch our live cabinet shuffle coverage at 10:30amET/7:30amPT -- follow online from 10amET: #cdnpoli
  • w Althia Raj, Huff Post & John Ivison, Natl Post on CPAC for cabinet shuffle at 10:30am. #cdnpoli
  • PM Harper twitter says eight new faces in cab -- 4 women, 4 men.
  • Harper's account also announced that Bernard Valcourt will remain Minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development.
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  • Pleased to name @shellygloverMP as Minister of Canadian Heritage and Official Languages #shuffle 13 #cdnpoli
  • Here is the cabinet before today's shuffle:

    • Stephen Harper                 Prime Minister
    • Bernard Valcourt              Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development
    • Rob Nicholson                   Justice                                         Attorney General
    • Marjory LeBreton             Government Senate Leader
    • Peter MacKay                    National Defence
    • Rona Ambrose                   Public Works and Government Services                                       Status of Women
    • Diane Finley                       Human Resources and Skills Development
    • John Baird                           Foreign Affairs
    • Tony Clement                    Treasury Board                                                Federal Economic Development Initiative for Northern Ontario
    • Jim Flaherty                        Finance
    • Peter Van Loan                  Government House Leader
    • Jason Kenney                     Citizenship, Immigration, and Multiculturalism
    • Gerry Ritz                             Agriculture and Agri-Food
    •                                                  Canadian Wheat Board
    • Christian Paradis               Industry
    •                                                  Ministry of State (Agriculture)
    • James Moore                      Canadian Heritage
    •                                                  Official Languages
    • Denis Lebel                         Transport, Infrastructure and Communities
    •                                                  Intergovernmental Affairs
    •                                                  President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada
    •                                                  Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec
    • Leona Aglukkaq                 Health
    •                                                  Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency
    •                                                  Arctic Council
    • Keith Ashfield                    Fisheries and Oceans
    •                                                  Atlantic Gateway
    • Peter Kent                           Environment
    • Lisa Raitt                               Labour
    • Gail Shea                              National Revenue
    •                                                  Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency
    • Julian Fantino                     International Cooperation
    • Steven Blaney                    Veterans Affairs
    •                                                  La Francophonie
    • Ed Fast                                   International Trade
    •                                                  Asia-Pacific Gateway
    • Joe Oliver                            Natural Resources
    • Kerry-Lynne Findlay         National Defence (Associate)
    • Gordon O'Connor             Minister of State
    •                                                  Chief Government whip
    • Maxime Bernier                Minister of State (Small Business and Tourism)
    • Diane Ablonczy                 Minister of State (Americas and Consular Affairs)
    • Lynne Yelich                       Minister of State (Western Economic Diversification)
    • Steven Fletcher                 Minister of State (Transport)
    • Gary Goodyear                   Minister of State (Science and Technology, Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario)
    • Ted Menzies                       Minister of State (Finance)
    • Tim Uppal                            Minister of State (Democratic Reform)
    • Alice Wong                          Minister of State (Seniors)
    • Bal Gosal                              Minister of State (Sport)

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  • PMO is tweeting each appointment as their limo pulls up. Effective media control. #cdnpoli shuffle
  • Here are previous shuffles by Stephen Harper between elections since 2006:

    November 27, 2006

    • Peter Van Loan to Privy Council president and Intergovernmental Affairs. Michael Chong resigned from cabinet to protest the government’s support for a motion recognizing the Québécois nation.

    January 4, 2007

    • Monte Solberg to Immigration to Human Resources. Diane Finley goes the opposite direction.

    • John Baird to Environment

    • Rona Ambrose to Western Economic Diversification and Privy Council president

    • Peter Van Loan to Government House Leader and minister for democratic reform

    • Rob Nicholson to Justice

    • Vic Toews to Treasury Board
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  • Alberta MP Kevin Sorenson to be minister of state for finance, replacing Ted Menzies, according to Harper's Twitter account.
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  • For the new ministers who were parliamentary secretaries, no announcement yet on their replacements from among the Conservative caucus.
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  • 1911: Many members of Sir Robert Borden's cabinet are visible on the left-hand side. The Conservatives returned to government in 1911 after 11 years of Liberal rule under Sir Wilfrid Laurier.

    Canadian Newspaper Assoc. / Library and Archives Canada / PA-031327

    On peut voir, à gauche, de nombreux membres du cabinet de Sir Robert Borden. Les conservateurs ont repris le pouvoir en 1911 après un règne libéral de 11 ans sous Sir Wilfrid Laurier.

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  • The original federal departments at the time of Confederation in 1867: Finance, Agriculture, Penitentiary Service (now part of Public Safety), the Post Office (Canada Post is now part of the transport minister’s portfolio), Public Works, the Privy Council Office, and the Secretary of State.
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  • Here is an updated membership roster for the various cabinet committees:
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  • Now we have those entering cabinet, who must take an oath to become members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada:

    I, __________, do solemnly and sincerely swear (declare) that I shall be a true and faithful servant to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second, as a member of Her Majesty's Privy Council for Canada. I will in all things to be treated, debated and resolved in Privy Council, faithfully, honestly and truly declare my mind and my opinion. I shall keep secret all matters committed and revealed to me in this capacity, or that shall be secretly treated of in Council. Generally, in all things I shall do as a faithful and true servant ought to do for Her Majesty. So help me God.
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  • Ministers are responsible to Parliament for their departments. They are also expected to publicly support all government decisions and embrace “cabinet solidarity” or resign their post. Michael Chong resigned as Harper’s intergovernmental affairs minister in 2006 over the motion to recognize the Québécois people as a nation.
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  • And from Library and Archives Canada:

    The Privy Council for Canada, which was established at Confederation under the Constitution Act, 1867 (formerly the British North America Act, 30-31, Vic., c.3, United Kingdom), is really the successor to the Executive Council of the United Provinces of Canada. Membership in the Privy Council is synonymous with Cabinet membership because members are heads or Ministers of a department of government who form the administration of the day. Although one becomes a Privy Councillor for life, the Governor General acts on the advice not of the whole Council but of the Cabinet. The most important documents produced by the Governor General in Council are Orders in Council.”
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  • Ministers are made Privy Council members, who since 1868 have called themselves “Honourable” for life.
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  • Les ministres sont responsables de leur ministère devant le Parlement. Ils doivent également appuyer publiquement toute décision du gouvernement et embrasser le concept de « solidarité ministérielle » ou bien quitter son poste. Le dernier exemple remonte à 2006 : Michael Chong a démissionné en tant que ministre des Affaires intergouvernementales sous M. Harper dans le cadre de la motion visant à reconnaître le peuple québécois comme nation.

    Les ministres sont nommés « conseillers privés ». Depuis 1868, ils sont désignés comme « honorables », titre qui leur est conféré à vie. La tradition veut que chaque province ait au moins un siège au sein du Cabinet. Ceci peut parfois exiger le recours à la nomination d’un sénateur dans l’éventualité où le parti au pouvoir n’a pas de député. En 2008, en raison de l’exclusion du parti conservateur du pouvoir à Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador, le ministre de la Défense Peter MacKay, étant député de la Nouvelle-Écosse, s’est vu attribuer la responsabilité de cette province.

    Tout ministre qui retourne au même ministère n’est pas tenu de prêter serment à nouveau. Toutefois, tout ministre qui change de portefeuille doit prêter serment de nouveau. En outre, tout ministre novice doit prêter un serment d'allégeance et un autre en tant que membre du Conseil privé.
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  • En théorie, la Reine est à la tête du gouvernement canadien par l’entremise du gouverneur général. Le gouvernement dirige le pays avec l’avis et le consentement du Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada.

    En pratique, le gouvernement comprend le Cabinet fédéral ainsi que le comité du Conseil privé, composé du Premier ministre et de ses ministres. Il n’y a pas eu de réunion du Conseil privé dans son ensemble depuis 1981.

    Voici ce que la Loi constitutionnelle de 1867 stipule :


    9. À la Reine continueront d'être et sont par la présente attribués le gouvernement et le pouvoir exécutifs du Canada.

    10. Les dispositions de la présente loi relatives au gouverneur général s'étendent et s'appliquent au gouverneur général du Canada, ou à tout autre chef exécutif ou administrateur pour le temps d'alors, administrant le gouvernement du Canada au nom de la Reine, quel que soit le titre sous lequel il puisse être désigné.

    11. Il y aura, pour aider et aviser, dans l'administration du gouvernement du Canada, un conseil dénommé le Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada; les personnes qui formeront partie de ce conseil seront, de temps à autre, choisies et mandées par le gouverneur général et assermentées comme conseillers privés; les membres de ce conseil pourront, de temps à autre, être révoqués par le gouverneur général.
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  • Chris Alexander (Ajax—Pickering, Ont.)
    Age: 44
    First elected: 2001

    Alexander entered politics after a career in Canada’s foreign service. Alexander was ambassador to Afghanistan and a United Nations special representative in the country.

    Previous roles: Parliamentary Secretary (National Defence)

    Âgé de 44 ans
    D’abord élu en 2001

    M. Alexander s'est lancé dans l'arène politique après avoir fait carrière au sein du service extérieur canadien. Il a été ambassadeur en Afghanistan et représentant spécial des Nations Unies dans ce même pays.

    Postes antérieurs : Secrétaire parlementaire (Défense nationale)
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  • Citizenship and Immigration: Walter Harris was the first citizenship and immigration minister in the early 1950s under Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent. The position was vacant from 1966 to 1994, with responsibility split between the ministers of manpower and immigration and multiculturalism and citizenship.
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  • Shelly Glover (Saint Boniface, Man.)
    Age: 46
    First elected: 2008

    Glover was a Winnipeg police officer for 19 years before running five years ago.

    Previous roles: Parliamentary Secretary (Finance), Parliamentary Secretary (Official Languages), Parliamentary Secretary (Indian Affairs and Northern Development)

    Âgée de 46 ans
    D’abord élue en 2008

    Mme Glover avait été policière à Winnipeg pendant 19 ans avant de briguer les suffrages il y a cinq ans.

    Postes antérieurs : Secrétaire parlementaire (Finances), Secrétaire parlementaire (Langues officielles), Secrétaire parlementaire (Affaires autochtones et Développement du Nord)
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  • Canadian Heritage: This position dates to 1996, when the Chrétien government merged the communications minister and multiculturalism minister into one job.
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  • The NDP will react to the new cabinet at a 2pmET news conference. Here is a statement from Liberal Leader Justin Trudeau:

    “Today’s Cabinet shuffle will not provide Canadians with the real change they want to see. It is clear that the only Minister who has any power in this government is the Prime Minister. Today’s shuffle does not change that.

    Canadians elected Members of Parliament to represent their views in Ottawa, but under the Harper Conservatives, they have had Ottawa’s views imposed on them.

    Mr. Harper is clearly satisfied with his government's performance. We are not. We think that the worst record on economic growth since the 1930s is nothing to be happy about. Canadians deserve better.

    The Liberal Party of Canada believes in making Parliament more democratic and more representative of Canadians. That is why during the leadership campaign I put forward a comprehensive democratic reform package, and why we recently introduced our ‘Open Parliament’ plan that will bring increased accountability and transparency to Parliament. Our proposals will lessen the power concentrated in the hands of the Prime Minister and his unelected advisors, and put it back where it belongs: in the hands of the people’s representatives.

    Unlike Mr. Harper and his government, I will continue to reach out and meet with Canadians as we work together to raise the bar on openness and transparency, restore the strength of the middle class and bring real, positive change to Canada.”


    « Le remaniement ministériel d’aujourd’hui n’offrira pas le véritable changement que les Canadiens veulent. C’est clair que le seul ministre qui a du pouvoir dans ce gouvernement est le premier ministre. Le remaniement d’aujourd’hui n’y change rien.

    Les Canadiens ont voté pour des députés qui représenteraient leurs points de vue à Ottawa, mais sous les conservateurs de Harper, ils se retrouvent avec des représentants d’Ottawa dans leur circonscription.

    M. Harper est manifestement satisfait de la performance de son gouvernement. Nous ne le sommes pas. Nous estimons qu’avoir enregistré le pire bilan en matière de croissance économique depuis les années 1930 n’a rien de réjouissant. Les Canadiens méritent mieux.

    Le Parti libéral du Canada croit qu’il est possible pour le Parlement d’être plus démocratique et plus représentatif de tous les Canadiens. C’est pourquoi j’ai mis de l’avant une proposition de réforme démocratique durant la campagne au leadership et que nous avons présenté dernièrement notre programme « Parlement ouvert » qui favorisent la responsabilisation et la transparence du Parlement. Nos propositions réduisent la concentration des pouvoirs présentement dans les mains du premier ministre et de ses conseillers non élus pour la remettre là où elle doit être : dans les mains des représentants de la population.

    Contrairement à M. Harper et à son gouvernement, je continuerai d’établir un contact avec les Canadiens et de les rencontrer afin que nous puissions travailler ensemble pour favoriser plus d’ouverture et de transparence, rétablir la force de la classe moyenne et apporter un véritable changement positif au Canada. »
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  • Maxime Bernier adds agriculture to his minister of state portfolio. Agriculture was an original department at the time of Confederation. The agriculture minister was also responsible for health until 1919.
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  • Interesting background @CPAC_TV but need to scroll down for full cabinet list #cdnpoli #shuffle
  • @fionahmcfarlane Thanks for watching, we've added a link at the top.
  • Rob Moore (Fundy Royal, N.B.)
    Age: 39
    First elected: 2004

    Moore ran unsuccessfully in 2000 for the Canadian Alliance and also practiced law in New Brunswick.

    Previous roles: Minister of State (Small Business and Tourism), Parliamentary Secretary (Justice)


    Âgé de 39 ans
    D’abord élu en 2004

    Moore a brigué les suffrages sans succès en 2000 sous la bannière de l’Alliance canadienne et a exercé le droit au Nouveau-Brunswick.

    Postes antérieurs : Ministre d’État (Petite entreprise et Tourisme), Secrétaire parlementaire (Justice)
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  • Finance Minister Jim Flaherty to be Harper's vice-chair on Cabinet Committee on Priorities and Planning.
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  • Here's some background on cabinet committees, courtesy of Library and Archives Canada:

    “A reorganization took place in 1964 and most ad hoc committees were replaced by nine standing Cabinet committees each with their own secretariat. In 1968, Prime Minister Trudeau converted the Privy Council Office into a more businesslike operation by reducing the number of Cabinet committees and providing for more regular meetings.

    "He delegated certain powers from the full Cabinet to committees themselves. All Ministers, whether committee members or not, received committee documents and were granted permission to have an item dealt with by committee discussed in the full Cabinet.

    "Under a reorganization of 1968, four coordinating committees and five specialized committees were established and three main divisions were created and the Privy Council Office received program policy proposals in the form of submissions to Cabinet. When a decision was made, it was recorded and when it was approved by Cabinet, it was forwarded to the responsible department.
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  • Priorities and Planning is considered the key committee:

    “In 1979, under Prime Minister Clark, an ‘Inner Cabinet’ was set up with final decision making authority and the role of the full Cabinet was limited to discussion and coordination. Clark also set up the Policy Expenditure Management System which previewed expenditure priorities and reallocated resources within departments.

    “In 1980, under Prime Minister Trudeau, the Priorities and Planning Committee, which included the chair of all Cabinet committees, and therefore dealt with a wide range of issues, assumed the responsibility for the Inner Cabinet and had authority to take final decisions in the same way as the Cabinet itself.”
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  • Kevin Sorenson has represented Crowfoot, Alta. since 2000. The 54-year-old was public safety critic in opposition and chaired the foreign affairs committee and Special Committee on the Canadian Mission in Afghanistan.
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  • Sorenson also chaired the public safety committee.
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  • Pierre Poilievre (Nepean—Carleton, Ont.)
    Age: 34
    First elected: 2004

    Poilievre was just 25 when he won a suburban Ottawa seat in Parliament.

    Previous roles: Parliamentary Secretary (Treasury Board), Parliamentary Secretary (Prime Minister and Intergovernmental Affairs), Parliamentary Secretary (Transport)


    Âgé de 34 ans
    D’abord élu en 2004

    Poilievre n’avait que 25 ans lorsqu’il a été élu dans la circonscription fédérale située en banlieue d’Ottawa.

    Postes antérieurs : Secrétaire parlementaire (Conseil du Trésor), Secrétaire parlementaire (Premier ministre et Affaires gouvernementales), Secrétaire parlementaire (Transports)
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  • Candice Bergen (Portage—Lisgar, Man.)
    Age: 48
    First elected: 2008

    Bergen gained notoriety for her legislative efforts to dismantle the long-gun registry. She previously worked in financial planning and consulting, and was a Conservative party organizer in Manitoba.

    Previous roles: Parliamentary Secretary (Public Safety)


    Âgée de 48 ans
    D’abord élue en 2008

    Mme Bergen s'est fait connaître pour ses‎ initiatives législatives visant à démanteler le registre des armes d’épaule. Elle a travaillé auparavant comme conseillère financière et consultante, et a été organisatrice du Parti conservateur au Manitoba.

    Postes antérieurs : Secrétaire parlementaire (Sécurité publique)
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  • Greg Rickford (Kenora, Ont.)
    Age: 45
    First elected: 2008

    Rickford has been a lawyer and nurse in remote First Nations communities in northern Ontario. He was elected the region’s first Conservative MP in over 80 years.

    Previous roles: Parliamentary Secretary (Official Languages), Parliamentary Secretary (Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development)


    Âgé de 45 ans
    D’abord élu en 2008

    M. Rickford a travaillé comme avocat et infirmier dans des communautés autochtones éloignées dans le nord de l’Ontario. Il était le premier député fédéral conservateur à être élu dans cette région en 80 ans.

    Postes antérieurs : Secrétaire parlementaire (Langues officielles), Secrétaire parlementaire (Affaires autochtones et Développement du Nord)
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  • Michelle Rempel (Calgary Centre—North, Alta.)

    Age: 33
    First elected: 2011

    Rempel has gained prominence defending the government’s environmental policies in the House of Commons. Before 2011 she worked as a consultant and director of the University of Calgary’s Institutional Programs Division.

    Previous roles: Parliamentary Secretary (Environment)

    Âgée de 33 ans
    D’abord élue en 2011

    Mme Rempel occupe le devant de la scène depuis qu’elle défend les politiques environnementales du gouvernement à la Chambre des communes. Avant 2011, elle travaillait comme consultante et directrice des programmes institutionnels à l’université de Calgary.

    Postes antérieurs : Secrétaire parlementaire (Environnement)
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  • March 13, 1931: R.B. Bennett and cabinet members in Buenos Aires, Argentina. National Film Board of Canada. Photothèque / Library and Archives Canada / C-009076

    13 mars 1931 : R.B. Bennett et des membres de son cabinet à Buenos Aires, en Argentine.

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